Throughout the execution of the COBWEB project, a recurrent issue raised by multiple stakeholders, is the need to account for semantic interoperability in generating data from citizen observatories. This was particularly evident during the development of Standardized Information Models to Optimize Exchange, Reusability and Comparability of Citizen Science Data as part of the SWE4CS initiative.
This resulted in the development of the concept of ‘Interoperability Contracts’ or ‘Interoperability Profiles’ as documented in the OGC Discussion Paper and in Deliverable 3.11 (Functional Architecture).
Noting this work was not in COBWEB’s Description of Work and that the research only came to fruition in the final year of the project, but as the main objective of COBWEB was to research and develop a generic infrastructure platform to facilitate the collection of citizen science data for the purpose of improved environmental monitoring, we felt it incumbent upon us to demonstrate this generic approach to incorporating semantics in action.
The best time to incorporate semantics is at the point of survey creation. A biological monitoring Use Case was used to drive the development of some proof of concept tooling showing how Interoperability Profiles might work when integrated with the generic survey creation approach advocated by COBWEB.
A live demonstration of survey creation with semantics software was given at the inaugural meeting of the OGC Citizen Science Domain Working Group during the Orlando Technical Committee meeting in September 2016.
Here is short (silent) video showing the simple proof of concept in action:
Here is a use case document and two presentations delivered in Orlando describing some of the problem space:
- Use Case Specification: Selection of an Interoperability Profile to enable use of appropriate semantics (v. 1.3) [PDF]
- SWE4CS Presentation (slides) by Ingo Simonis and Rob Atkinson, presented at the 100th OGC Technical Committee, Orlando, Florida, September 2016 [PDF]
- Data Interoperbility Profiles (slides) by Rob Atkinson, Michael Koutroumpas, Chris Higgins and Ingo Simonis, presented at the 100th OGC Technical Committee, Orlando, Florida, September 2016 [PDF]